What type of training should you embrace for healthy aging? New research investigates.
One key factor in cellular health is telomeres, the “safety caps” that protect strands of genetic material within our cells.
As telomeres shorten, that genetic material will start deteriorating, and this will send a signal that the cell is growing old and will soon begin the process of cellular death.
The enzyme telomerase helps maintain the length of telomeres, but, as we age, telomerase becomes much less active, which impacts cellular aging.
Recently, researchers from Leipzig University in Germany, in collaboration with colleagues from other research institutions, have been looking at whether different types of physical exercise can slow down processes of biological aging.
The team studied telomere length and telomerase activity in participants who engaged in one of three types of exercise for the duration of the study, namely, endurance exercise, high-intensity interval training, or resistance training.
Endurance exercise is meant to help a person improve their stamina, and it includes activities such as running, swimming, and cycling. High-intensity interval exercise is similar, but it requires a person to undergo short bursts of intense training, followed by rest and recovery, and then intense training again.
Finally, resistance — or strength — training is meant to boost a person’s physical strength, and involves activities such as weightlifting.
The researchers report their findings in the study paper that appeared yesterday in the European Heart Journal.